Ep. 17 Middle School Mindfulness Meditation Five Minutes for 6th Grade

October 28, 2016
Ep. #17: Today in class my 6th graders were reading and learning about Hinduism, Brahmanism, and Buddhism. I spoke to them about the growing practice of mindfulness meditation in California, and around the world, and how many people are finding peaceful practice in calming themselves and being more present in the moment by taking time to meditate.

 

I recorded a 5 minute, basic introduction to meditation, that is perfect for use in your middle school or elementary classroom. Enjoy this free recording which offers instruction for a basic and simple meditation. There is a step by step guide, and some music that I recorded as well. This practice invoked breathing awareness, blocking out distractions, and understanding that our minds will drift as we practice, and focusing on our feeling of being and breathing. Please feel free to share and incorporate into your own lesson plans or self-practice.

 

I am not an expert, simply offering a free tool to help engage students in the practice of learning or practicing meditation and mindfulness.
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Ep. 16 Ancient Kush and Aksum Kingdoms for 6th Graders

October 23, 2016

Ep. #16: The "Age of Iron" is on! Listen and step into a world along the Nile adapting flat topped pyramids, creating advanced weapons, and furthering the complexity of organized society in a 6th grade edition of Social Studies class notes. Enjoy and share with a student or friend in your life! Thanks for listening to the Hauger History Podcast! Produced by Danny Hauger at www.dannyhauger.com

 

 

 

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Ep. 13 Egypt Legacy Overview and Quiz Review for 6th Graders

October 13, 2016

Ep. #13: Hello 6th grade students - both mine and around the world! Today we discuss Egypt, and likely questions to pop up on your next quiz or test. From the 3,200+ mile Nile River, to its un-de-Nile-able importance to history, and all of the ways that Egypt's legacy began to impact our lives, in just under 8 minutes. Ok, maybe not every Egyptian contribution, but quite a lot in a short amount of time, enjoy the podcast!

Here are some sample quiz review questions, find the answers in the podcast!
  1. Egypt is called the _______________ of the Nile.

  2. Ancient Egypt lasted for about how many years _____

  3. The Nile is about how long._________

  4. True or false The Nile flows south to the equator._______

  5. True or false cataract is a waterfall.________

  6. True or false the Nile floods every summer.__________

  7. True or false The water in the Nile is bad for growing crops_________

  8. True or false The parts of Egypt were not near the Nile were a desert________

  9. The two sources of the Nile river’s water are Lakes ____________ and _____________
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Ep. 10 Mesopotamia Between Two Great Rivers 6th Grade

September 25, 2016

Ep. #10: Double hello’s to you on this Sunday as we prepare to learn about the land between two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates -- yes we’re talking Mesopotamia today (6th grade episode, Standards 6.1 and 6.2). The ground is fertile for learning - lets get going.

 

You can email to request future episodes at HaugerHistorypod at Gmail.com

 

This podcast is intended for educational use.

 

"Mesopotamia". What does it mean? The word does not refer to one specific country in the ancient world, but an area in the MIddle East (according to our Western perspective) that included civilizations that developed and changed through centuries.

Meaning of Mesopotamia

What do we mean when we say Mesopotamia? The word itself means the land between the rivers. Out 6th graders just had an in-class drawing activity creating billboards to attract settlers to the region.

Two rivers meant twice the blessings for the settlers here.

Mesopotamia

Between 3000 b.c.e. and 300 b.c.e. civilizations began to thrive in Mesopotamia, a large region centered between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in modern-day Iraq, laid the foundation for customs and civilizations that still affect us today.

People began to specialize, develop, and grow from inventions and innovations. Though many different societies emerged and organized cities, states, and empires in Mesopotamia, historians study these cultures together because they lived near each other and had many similarities. The main civilizations were the Sumerians (3000–2000 b.c.e.), Akkadians (2350–2218 b.c.e.), the Babylonians (1894–1595 b.c.e.), Assyrians (1380–612 b.c.e.), and the Persians (550–330 b.c.e.).

With water present,  Some of the cities grew to have populations near 35,000 citizens. Although most Sumerians made their living by farming, professionals, such as doctors, organized into powerful associations.

Both rich and poor Sumerians were considered citizens, and slaves could earn money and buy their freedom. While we know not all cultural practices were advanced, this is one area where it seemed the rights of man held a higher importance than many cultures that would follow and grow to much larger empires.

While men enjoyed the most power in society, women in Sumeria held power in their families and a ruler's wife had authority in the government of a city-state. Girls were often considered ready to marry at age 12.

Under the restored Sumerian rule, Mesopotamia was again dominated by thriving agriculturally-based cities. Trade meant influence, and the cultural diffusion of ideas along trade routes.

By 1894 b.c.e., the Babylonians had risen to power in Mesopotamia. Babylonians created a thriving, organized society. Under the rule of Hammurabi (1792–1750 b.c.e.), the king of Babylon, a code of laws was developed and written down. Although evidence exists that Babylonians sold clothing and perfumes in stores, little is known about what Babylonians actually wore. While there are some depictions of the king, which indicate that he dressed in styles very similar to the Sumerians, no pictures of Babylonian women exist. The Babylonian Empire fell in about 1595 b.c.e.

Assyrians had prospered in Mesopotamia for many centuries, but by 911 b.c.e. the society began conquering surrounding areas and united Mesopotamia into one enormous empire that encompassed the Taurus Mountains of modern-day Turkey, the Mediterranean coast, and portions of Egypt. To hold their empire together, the Assyrians aggressively protected their territory and battled constantly with enemies. At the same time as they multiplied and defended their conquests, Assyrians built cities with large buildings and statues. Assyrian society was controlled by men, and women were legally inferior to them. Although the Assyrians built strong economic ties over a vast territory, they ruled brutally and the conquered nations celebrated when the Assyrians were overthrown in 612 b.c.e.

After the Assyrians were conquered, the Persian Empire rose to prominence. The Persian Empire, which united approximately twenty different societies, became known for its efficiency and its kindness to its citizens. Under Persian rule products such as clothing, money, and furniture were made in vast quantities.

How much do we really know?

The artifacts left by these cultures include clay and stone statues, carvings on palace walls, carved ivory, some wall paintings, and jewelry. These items illustrate the clothing, hairdressing, and body adornment of these cultures as well as how these cultures idealized the human form. While these visual forms provide costume historians with a great deal of information, of even greater interest are the written tablets that have been discovered. The development of written language in Mesopotamia provides historians and archeologists, scientists who study past cultures, with information about daily life in the distant past. Descriptions of how the people of Mesopotamia acted toward one another, how they dressed and cleaned themselves, how they prepared for weddings, how they organized businesses, and how they ruled by law are among the things that are recorded in written language.

But even with this information, it is impossible to know if we truly understand what the people of Mesopotamia looked like or exactly what they wore. The statues made by sculptors offer simplified depictions of people and their clothing, making it difficult to know the type of fabric used in a particular garment. In addition, different cultures portrayed people in different ways. The Sumerians created statues and pictures of stocky, large-eyed people while the Assyrians depicted people as lean, strong, and hairy. It is impossible to know if these people actually looked different from one another or if these artifacts represent the idealized version of different cultures.

FOR MORE INFORMATION

Nemet-Nejat, Karen Rhea. Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Payne, Blanche. History of Costume: From the Ancient Egyptians to the Twentieth Century. New York: Harper and Row, 1965.

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Produced by Danny Hauger at www.dannyhauger.com

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Ep. 4 Early Man and Hominids Conversation Starter

September 5, 2016

Ep. #4: If studying early man and hominids has you smashing two rocks together, then this early conversation starter will be a good introduction for you to your ancestors and their major accomplishments. Their commitment towards evolving from hunting and gathering, to society and culture building, allows us to celebrate Labor Day 2016. This introductory conversation is a mini-lecture about the tremendous growth of millions of years of progress. 

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This podcast is less focused on the specifics of scientific detail (which will come in a later recording), and more about a big picture understanding of the topic of early man. These are amazing developments, and I hope you enjoy it as we study the early topics of 6th grade social studies in California. 
 
Thanks for listening! Subscribe to our podcast! Want to hear a topic made into an episode? Email us at HaugerHistoryPod AT gmail.com and thanks for listening. 
Produced by Danny Hauger at www.dannyhauger.com
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