30 Muhammads Life and the Origins and Spread of Islam for Middle School Students

January 24, 2017

What do you know about Islam? Maybe that the word Islam comes the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. Maybe you know that it's The fastest growing religion in the world, the center of study for millions in the United States, and a trending topic on Social Media everywhere. In today’s edition of the Hauger History podcast, we separate hype and fiction, and discuss some of the origins of Islam for MIddle School Students.

Thanks for joining us on this 6th grade edition of Hauger HIstory Podcast with Mr. Hauger, I am the second part. Today we discuss the origins and spread of Islam. Thanks for listening, you can find the Hauger History Podcast on YouTube at the Danny Hauger Channel, at Haugerhistory.podbean.com, on itunes, or on Twitter @HaugerHistory. (www.dannyhauger.com

Islam began on the Arabian Peninsula and spread outward. Islamic traders from the Arabian Peninsula who traveled to Persian, Egypt, Spain, and elsewhere brought their religion with them. Islam spread through trade, war, and peace.

Today, more than a billion people around the world practice Islam, and the Middle East, which includes the Arabian Peninsula, is one of the most important regions in the world. In this unit, you will take a closer look at this region.

The prophet Muhammad was born sometime around 570 C.E. (For a Christian reference point, this was about 540 years or so after the time of Jesus. Muhammad taught of a faith called Islam. The word Islam comes the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. Followers of Islam are called Muslim. Muslim is an Arabic word that means one who submits to Allah. Allah is told to be the same God worshipped by the JEws and Christians, who are often referred to as people of the book. Islam shares many of the Old Testament and Christian prophets. Muhammad teaches that he is the seal of the prophets, who is the final messenger with a direct line of communication to teach the will of God.

Muhammad’s birthplace, Mecca, was an ancient place of worship and is sacred ground for Muslims. There are also many relevant locations to Abraham and other Old Testament prophets, building on the history of the people of the book and making reference to it.

 

Abraham built a house of worship at the site, called the Ka’bah. Over time, people settled near it. By the time of Muhammad’s birth, this settlement, now known as Meccas, was a prosperous city at the crossroads of great trade routes. Muhammad had a difficult time growing up, losing his father, and was sent to live with a family of nomads in the desert. He learned the skills of being a merchant from his family and became a skilled trader, and communicator who won the respect of colleagues and people around him. He married an influential woman at 25 and had several children.

Between 610 and 611 CE, Muhammad had a vision within a cave in the Mountains and was visited by the Angel Gabriel. He was told he was a messenger of God. His teachings were recorded by his followers in the Qur’an, as Muhammad could neither read nor write. Not everyone accepted him readily as a prophet, and he was met with significant resistance. The ideals of charity, peace, and generosity won many people over as Muhammad continued to travel and teach people of his faith. Muhammad led an army to eventually remove all previous idols of worship in Mecca, and did so without battle, after finding loyalty from other clans and tribes who were appreciative of his message.

After Muhammad’s death shortly after, there was disagreement over who should continue to lead the faith, Abu Bakr, the chosen Caliph, or Muslim Ruler, Bakr used military force and converted much of the Arabian Peninsula. Caliph Umar continued to expand territory of Muslim influence after Bakr’s death. Most Muslims, called Sunnis, supported the line of the Caliphate, as leaders of Islam. A split came when Shi’ah Muslims, believed that true leadership could only come from Muhammad’s bloodline through his daughter Fatima, should be acknowledged as the true leaders of the faith.

Many people came to worship and make pilgrimage to the Ka’bah. This still occurs today, as one of the five pillars of Muslim faith, to make at least one trip to Mecca in your life, if you are able.

After Muhammad’s call to faith and diligent work, which was challenged by many at the time, the Ka’bah became a center of Islamic worship as the faith spread throughout the Arabian Peninsula and beyond.

The Qur'an is the holy book of Islam. Its pages record Muhammad's teachings. Eric Von Seggern/Shutterstock

Importance to modern day: In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law.

A Pew Research poll in 2015  are predicting a jump from 1.6 to 2.7 billion Muslims by the year 2050 if current trends continue (Becoming nearly 31% of the world’s population).

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28 Martin Luther King Jr My Favorite American - Hauger History Podcast

January 15, 2017

I can't think of a single American who embodies the qualities of a leader more than Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He is my favorite American. He deserves his holiday, in a country where individual people have very few national holidays to memorialize them. His efforts and legacy live on as a reminder to me to do what I can for equality and justice. I am grateful to have been taught about his important work, and in a small podcast effort, in my humble way, offer this moment of thanks to Dr. King for his tireless work, and that I should remember to teach my students that the work is not yet over. 

  • "Darkness can not drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that."
  • Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) is my favorite American. Bravery as notable as any figure, humility to take on a great cause without expecting personal gain, and dignity, the belief in rights and equality, with the presence of mind and persistence to continue his important work, regardless of consequences.
  • Students, this podcast is a preview of a great man, in all senses. I encourage you to follow up this podcast with some research of your own.
  • Dr. King was a Baptist minister and an educated man from morehouse College, where he started at age 15, Crozer Theological Seminary, and graduate school at Boston university. He was well read. He gained from theorists, philosophers, and became school class president senior year in a mostly white class.
  • We often speak about King’s role as asocial activist. His pivotal role in the American civil rights movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968. Inspired by advocates of nonviolence such as Gandhi, King towards equality for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and victims of injustice through peaceful protest. He was the driving force behind cornerstone events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington, which helped bring about such landmark legislation as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and is remembered each year on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, a U.S. federal holiday since 1986.
  • Here are a few tips you might not have known, according to NewsFoxes: 1. King’s birth name was Michael, not Martin.
  • The civil rights leader was born Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929. In 1934, however, his father, a pastor at Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church, traveled to Germany and became inspired by the Protestant Reformation leader Martin Luther. As a result, King Sr. changed his own name as well as that of his 5-year-old son.
  • King’s “I Have a Dream” speech was not his first at the Lincoln Memorial.
  • Six years before his iconic oration at the March on Washington, King was among the civil rights leaders who spoke in the shadow of the Great Emancipator during the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom on May 17, 1957. Before a crowd estimated at between 15,000 and 30,000, King delivered his first national address on the topic of voting rights. His speech, in which he urged America to “give us the ballot,” drew strong reviews and positioned him at the forefront of the civil rights leadership.
  • King was jailed 29 times.
  • According to the King Center, the civil rights leader went to jail nearly 30 times. He was arrested for acts of civil disobedience and on trumped-up charges, such as when he was jailed in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1956 for driving 30 miles per hour in a 25-mile-per-hour zone.
  • King narrowly escaped an assassination attempt a decade before his death, on September 20, 1958, King was in Harlem signing copies of his new book, “Stride Toward Freedom,” in Blumstein’s department store when he was approached by Izola Ware Curry. The woman asked if he was Martin Luther King Jr. After he said yes, Curry said, “I’ve been looking for you for five years,” and she plunged a seven-inch letter opener into his chest. The tip of the blade came to rest alongside his aorta, and King underwent hours of delicate emergency surgery. Surgeons later told King that just one sneeze could have punctured the aorta and killed him. From his hospital bed where he convalesced for weeks, King issued a statement affirming his nonviolent principles and saying he felt no ill will toward his mentally ill attacker.

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Ep 27 The Renaissance Big Picture and Key Vocabulary

January 12, 2017

Get ready for your 7th Grade Renaissance Vocab test with this review of the big picture and explanation of some of the biggest terms of the Renaissance as well as some big picture ideas for teaching the lesson. Our word bank for our upcoming test is below to help you study. This will also be available on YouTube. Thanks for listening and please subscribe to help our show grow!

  • The Renaissance is A French Word meaning “Rebirth”
  • The time period we are focusing on is 1300-1600 A.D.
  • Michelangelo created his masterpiece David in 1504.
  • Also… a little project called the Sistene Chapel
  • Da Vinci - Painter, Sculptor, Architect, Engineer
  • Renaissance
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Michaelangelo
  • Silk Road
  • humanism
  • Perspective (in art)
  • chateaus
  • Vernacular
  • William Shakespeare
  • Literacy
  • Johannes Gutenberg
  • Faith
  • Sponsor
  • Spirit
  • Revival
  • Florence
  • Patrons
  • Medieval
  • The Hauger History podcast is a free, weekly podcast for Middle School Social Studies! Subscribe and stay informed and ready for your next history test.
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Ep. 24 Five Foundations of the Italian Renaissance Test Prep and Topic Intro for 7th Grade

December 26, 2016

Episode 24 Episode #7007 features a 7th Grade Social Studies and History exploration of the Renaissance in Italy and Europe. This episode explores the economic and social changes of the Middle Ages and the enabling of art to take center stage in many wealthy cities. We answer five central, essential questions of the Renaissance, including:

  1. How did the reopening of the Silk Roads affect Europe?
  2. Why did many Renaissance paintings look more realistic than earlier works?
  3. How did cities play a role in spreading Renaissance ideas?  
  4. Name and explain the significance of one advance in art, and one advance in science, during the Renaissance. (2)(7.8.5)
  5. What were two effects of the printing press on European society? (2) (7.8.4)

Enjoy and share with your history class friends! #HaugerHistory

 
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Ep. 22 Feudalism in Europe and the Middle Ages Quiz Prep

December 6, 2016

Episodw 22. Feudalism in Europe. Have a quiz coming up on the Middle Ages of Europe? This podcast can help you study! Take a listen to our 7th grade episode on Feudal Europe and hear how the system of control and government shifted from the Roman Empire to the daily life in the hectic times from 500-1500 C.E. in Europe. Thanks for listening and sharing the Hauger History Podcast!

Help support our show when you shop on Amazon. 

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Ep. 19 Japan Land of the Rising Sun 7th Grade

November 10, 2016

Episode 19. Japan - Land of the Rising Sun, we explore early Japanese culture and history from 300 B.C.E. to around 1100 C.E. discussing the importance of Geography including challenges of isolation and benefits of rain for wet-soil farming, the reign of Prince Shotoku, the later reign of the Shogunate, and importance of bushido, Buddhism, and trade partners. 

Tune into this 7th Grade edition of the Hauger History Podcast!

 

Thank you Samson for your generosity in providing microphones for this educational project!!

 
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Ep. 18 Mongol invasion and Influence in China

November 3, 2016

Episode 18 of the Hauger History Podcast: The Mongols were more than Barbarians. Did you know they extended roads and canals, and opened the country up to trade? It wasn't all bad, it wasn't all good. As we find: history is the same. There is a give and take, and we take a look at the Mongol influence on China circa 1200 in this 7th grade edition of the Hauger History podcast. 

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7003 The Empire of Ghana

October 3, 2016

Ep. #7003: Welcome to 300 A.D. in the Empire of Ghana. Load up your camel for trading, and lets take off across the desert in this 7th grade edition of the Hauger History podcast.


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California History Standards - 7.2  Follow us on Twitter!

You must trade to get paid. From the West Coast of California to the Western part of Africa, today we are discussing the foundations of the Empire of Ghana.

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Ep. 7 Legacy of Rome Quiz

September 11, 2016

Ep. #7 Legacy of Rome Study Guide 7th Grade Social Studies – Mr. Hauger        (Subscribe)    

Image result for legacy of rome

 

 

  • The Roman Empire built all of the following except

a.     Hadron Collider        b. aqueducts c. amphitheaters       d. roads

 

  • A Republic is a form of government where ___________ elect representatives.

a.     Kings             b. Monarchies                      c. citizens                   d. workers

 

  • The ruling leaders of the Roman Empire that made laws were the (Congress / Senate)
  • (Many / All) people were represented in government and had voting rights in Rome.
  • In Rome people were considered (guilty / innocent) until proven (guilty / innocent).
  • Romans stressed the importance of bravery and being a good citizen, called (Stoicism / Strongmanism)
  • Which Leader divided the Roman Empire?

a.     Samson          B. Diocletian             c. Constantine          d. Constantinople

 

  • The first emperor of Rome was _______________. He took the name Augustus Caesar.
  • About how long was the Roman peace, or Pax Romana? _______ years
  • Romans were entertained in huge crowds at the _________________.
  • Constantine was the first Roman Empire to de-criminalize and promote ________________.
  • Rome owed much of its innovations to the creations from ______________ culture.
  • What are three reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire?

a.    

b.   

c.    

 

  • Name three challenges that any Roman ruler would have faced?

a.    

b.   

c.    

 

  • How did conflict inside Rome affect its unity overall? 
  • What was the biggest challenge that Rome faced in your opinion, and why?
  • How did Rome's size lead to its decline?
  • What are three significant contributions from Rome that we benefit from today?

I hope you enjoy this FREE podcast and Social Studies podcast from Hauger History. Please share it with your classmates, school, or teacher to use as  supplemental resource. Thanks for listening! Subscribe!

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Produced by Danny Hauger at www.dannyhauger.com

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Ep. 3 Fall of the Roman Empire

August 31, 2016

Ep. #3: #7001, the first podcast of the 7th grade, covers the Fall of the Roman Empire, including summaries of:

 
  • The Catholic and Orthodox Church split
  • Constantine
  • Economic and Social difficulties
  • Byzantine Empire
  • Changing of the capitol city
  • Justinian Code
  • The difficulties of ruling an empire
Time for class! Take a listen, and share with students, teachers, and friends who are studying history. 

California Standards: 
7.6 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Europe. 
1. Study the geography of the Europe and the Eurasian land mass, including its location, topography, waterways, vegetation, and climate and their relationship to ways of life in Medieval Europe. 
2. Describe the spread of Christianity north of the Alps and the roles played by the early church and by mo

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Thanks for listening class!
Produced by Danny Hauger at www.dannyhauger.com



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