In Hauger History Podcast #101 (thanks for the educational bandwidth Podbean!) we explore the Constitution of the United States, goals of the framers, and how the new nation was expanding in territory and in conflicts through the year 1850.
Some key concepts reviewed include:
Here's an explanation of how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to Shays' Rebellion, which led to the creation and desire for the Constitution.
- Without property, farmers could not feed their families.
- Without property, farmers could not vote.
- Without property, farmers have difficulty making money.
- Without making money, and inability to pay taxes farmers are thrown into debtor's prison.
Since the Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the power to raise a standing army, the federal government could not help stop the rebellion.
This worried many people that incidents like Shay’s Rebellion would become more common if the farmers and others could get what they wanted by ignoring the law.
All state constitutions included: “equality, freedom, and democracy” (Ch. 7)
The Constitution successfully created 3 branches of government (Checks and Balances) and a Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments)
- Oldest written national constitution still in use
- “Living” document, capable of meeting changes.
- “Elastic Clause”= stretches power of the gov.
- Can also change through the amendments
- Supporters were called Federalists
- Anti-federalists said it must include a Bill of Rights.
- James Madison is known as the “Father” of the Constitution
We admitted states in 2’s: 1 slave state + 1 free state.
Trying to preserve free and slave state balance. Made NO ONE HAPPY!